Pollen and Spore Atlas

Jubaea chilensis ARECACEAE

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equatorial view
equatorial view
polar view
polar view
surface pattern
surface pattern
wall view
wall view
aperture view
aperture view
unique feature
unique feature


Morphologic Type(s) Surface Pattern(s) Equatorial Size Polar Size Equatorial Shape(s)
min max mean min max mean
monocolpate (monosulcate) foveolate,
45.0 31.0 oblate

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Aperture Count(s) 1
Wall Evenness(es) even, thinner on pole
Exine Type(s) tectate
Columella visible
Colpus Length(s) full
Pore Colpus(es) 1
Morphology Notes Gossen(2010): furl longer than grain, wraps around end. Thin sculpture: psilate microfoveolate. Techtate perforate. Collumnellae under perforated tectum. Structure: ectexine >3 times than endexine

Ecology and Geography

Plant Type Cotyledon Type Floristic Region(s) Habit Terrestrial(s) Cultivated
angiosperm monocot East Pacific Islands,
tree true

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Vegetation Community(-ties) open forest, open woodland and/or savannah
Common Name Chilean wine palm, Palma chilena, Palma de coquitos
Habitat Notes Dry coastal Chile. Andean foothills, in dry river valleys or open hillsides in seasonally dry regions with Mediterranean climate. At low elevations Jubaea prefers mild winters and can tolerate cool summers. This Jubaea species found in the fossil pollen of the lake sediment core KAO3 in Rano Kao, Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is now called Paschalococos disperta by Dransfield as one of the extinct trees of Easter.(Gossen 2010)
Herbarium Link:


Collector Institution
Gloria Rojas V. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural

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Collection Site Santiago
Collection Country Chile
Collection Date 2007-10-31
Institution Link
Herbarium Notes Collected from a tree approximately 100 years old.
Preparation Method Cor, KOH, acet, saf
Slide Medium silicon
Preparation Date 2008-05-15
Microscopic Instrument LEICA DMLB #188768
Publication Information Jubaea chilensis (Molina) Baill., Hist. Pl. 13: 397 (1895).
Collection Notes Jubaea chilensis (Molina)Baill. Processed at the Pollen Laboratory, University of Minnesota, USA from the collecton of Ed Cushing, slide ref. B3669