Pollen and Spore Atlas

Saccharum officinarum POACEAE

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equatorial view
equatorial view
polar view
polar view
surface pattern
surface pattern
wall view
wall view
aperture view
aperture view
unique feature
unique feature


Pollen / Spore Morphologic Type(s) Surface Pattern(s) Equatorial Size Polar Size Equatorial Shape(s) Polar Shape(s)
min max mean min max mean
pollen monoporate psilate,
40.0 50.0 45.0 40.0 50.0 45.0 circular circular

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Aperture Count(s) 1
Wall Evenness(es) even
Wall Thickness 2.0
Pore Shape(s) circular
Pore Section(s) extruded, thickened, with an operculum
Pore Size 7.5
Pore Colpus(es) 1
Morphology Notes Pore aperture:round, thickly defined. Exine structure: 2um thick. Psilate/reticulate faint reticulated pattern. Spheroidal. Pore circular with annulus, round approximately 7.5um.

Ecology and Geography

Plant Type Cotyledon Type Floristic Region(s) Habit Terrestrial(s) Habit Aquatic(s) Cultivated
angiosperm monocot India (tropical),
Maritime Southeast Asia,
Papua New Guinea (highland),
East Pacific Islands,
Other outside Australasia
herb emergent true

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Vegetation Community(-ties) disturbed/anthropogenic, herbland
Common Name Sugarcane, Noblecane
Habitat Notes Grown in over 110 countries, origins are from India and indigenous to Southeast Asia. Ranging from Warm Temperate Dry to Moist through Tropical Very Dry to Wet Forest Life Zones. Noted in the fossil record of the KAO3 core from Rano Kao, Rapa Nui (Easter Island) (Gossen,2010)
Herbarium Link:


E.J. Cushing

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Collection Site Jawa Timur,Lumajang
Collection Country Indonesia
Collection Date 1998-08-22
Preparation Method Cor, KOH, acet, saf
Slide Medium silicon
Preparation Date 2007-12-14
Microscopic Instrument LEICA DMLB #188768
Collection Notes Collected from a cultivated plant. Processed at the Pollen Laboratory, University of Minnesota, USA from the collecton of Ed Cushing, slide ref. B3276.