Pollen and Spore Atlas

Hygrophila quadrivalvis ACANTHACEAE

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equatorial view
equatorial view


Pollen / Spore Morphologic Type(s) Surface Pattern(s) Equatorial Size Polar Size Equatorial Shape(s) Grain Arrangement(s)
min max mean min max mean
pollen 4-porate,
reticulate 35.0 60.0 46.0 30.0 49.0 39.0 subprolate monad

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Wall Thickness 1.8
Pore Shape(s) circular
Morphology Notes Heterocolporate (4 porate with 4 colpi in between). Subprolate; circular in pv. 46 (35-60) x 39 (30-49). Exine 1.8 u thick, with complex reticulate pattern.

Ecology and Geography

Plant Type Cotyledon Type Floristic Region(s)
angiosperm dicot Papua New Guinea (highland),
Papua New Guinea (lowland)

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Herbarium Link:


Collector ANU Access Code
R. D. Hoogland No. 3390 11160

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Collection Site E shore of Lake Koena
Collection Country Papua New Guinea
Collection Notes scanned card