Cocos nucifera ARECACEAE

Sample information

Sample ID13-60-1a
Common nameCoconut, Narel


Pollen / Sporepollen
Morphologic typemonocolpate (monosulcate)
Surface patternechinate , psilate
Equatorial sizemin 40, mean 47.5, max 55
Polar sizemin 25, mean 30, max 42.5
Equatorial shapeoblate
Grain arrangementmonocot
Aperture count1
Pore colpuses1
Colpi length> 2/3
Wall evennesseven
Morphology notesEchinate/psilate. Reticulated perfossulate. Great variation amongst pollen which can be long thin to round.

Ecology and Geography

Plant typeangiosperm
Floristic region(s)India (tropical) , Central Pacific , Hawaiian Islands , East Pacific Islands , Sub-tropical Pacific , China (tropical) , New Zealand and Islands (south) , Other outside Australasia , Other , Papua New Guinea (lowland) , Australia (tropical)
Vegetation communitiesdisturbed/anthropogenic, open forest, shrubland
Habitat notesNow pantropical, especially along tropical shorelines, According to Purseglove (1968-1972), the center of origin of cocoid palms most closely related to coconut is in northwestern South America. At the time of the discovery of the New World, coconuts (as we know them today) were confined to limited areas on the Pacific coast of Central America, and absent from the Atlantic shores of the Americas and Africa. Coconuts drifted as far north as Norway are still capable of germination.


CollectorF40513l; Schott 712
Herbarium sample?True
Collection siteYucatan
Collection countryMexico
Collection notesProcessed at the Pollen Laboratory, University of Minnesota, USA from the collecton of Ed Cushing, slide ref. B396. Also found in Diego Garcia, Indian Ocean.
Equatorial view
Polar view
Surface pattern
Wall view
Aperture view
Unique feature